Wifredo Lam (Sagua la Grande (provincie Villa Clara) 8 december 1902 - Parijs 11 september 1982) was een Cubaanse schilder en beeldhouwer. Articles on Lam appeared in prestigious publications and reviews around the world such as VVV, Instead, ArtNews and View, and exhibitions of his work in the United States, Haiti, Cuba, France, Sweden, England, Mexico, Moscow and Prague. In 1946, Lam and Helena travel to Haiti and attend voodoo ceremonies in the company of Pierre Mabille and André Breton. In 1931, his first wife, Eva (Sébastiana Piriz) and their son Wilfredo Victor died of tuberculosis. artnet and our partners use cookies to provide features on our sites and applications to improve your online experience, including for analysis of site usage, traffic measurement, and for advertising and content management. His time in Spain―initially intended as a short stay on his way to Paris―lasted 14 years. Visit the Frank Lloyd Wright–designed Guggenheim Museum in NYC, part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Wifredo Lam was born on December 8, 1902, in Cuba. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. He wins the Grand Prix of the Havana Salon and, in 1958, is named a member of the « Graham Foundation for Advanced Study in Fine Art Â» in Chicago and received numerous awards, most notably the « Guggenheim International Award Â» in 1964. In Madrid, he was exposed to the ideas and movements of modern art. Throughout the 1950s, while maintaining close contact with Cuban art circles, Lam became increasingly involved with European artistic currents, developing close ties with CoBrA artists and the Italian avant-garde. Wifredo Lam, (born Dec. 8, 1902, Sagua la Grande, Cuba—died Sept. 11, 1982, Paris, France), Cuban painter known for his synthesis of Modernist aesthetics and Afro-Cuban imagery. This contact with Afro-Cuban culture brought new impetus to his art. Als lid van de Moderne Kunst beweging, studeerde Lam aan de Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid nadat hij zijn geboorteplaats Havana had verlaten. He was the eighth child born to Lam-Yam―born in Canton around 1820, an immigrant to the Americas in 1860―and to Ana Serafina Catilla―born in 1862 … Currently We don’t have enough information about his family, relationships,childhood etc. Wifredo Lam: Mix-Master, Modern Artist At the end of his life, the celebrated painter, draftsman, and sculptorWifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was asked to reflect upon why he painted. Als lid van de Moderne Kunst beweging, studeerde Lam aan de Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid nadat hij zijn geboorteplaats Havana had verlaten. Artist Biography Wifredo Lam. Get the latest news on the events, trends, and people that shape the global art market with our daily newsletter. Lam found solace in the company of his Spanish friends and made contact with several political organizations. Wifredo Lam was een Cubaanse kunstenaar, die bekendheid kreeg voor z’n werk als schilder. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba and was of mixed Chinese, European, Indian and African descent. Notes of biography. By continuing to use our sites and applications, you agree to our use of cookies. All rights reserved. He was partially paralyzed and resigned to a wheelchair but soon found the strength to attend his exhibition in Mexico City, Wifredo Lam, coleccion Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de la Habana, Cuba. Wifredo Lam Kunstenaar biografie. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. View Wifredo Lam’s 3,662 artworks on artnet. Wifredo Lam Kunstenaar biografie. He was the eighth child born to Lam-Yam―born in Canton around 1820, an immigrant to the Americas in 1860―and to Ana Serafina Catilla―born in 1862 in Cuba of mixed African and Spanish ancestry. He designed anti-Fascist posters and took part in the struggle by working in a munitions factory. The artist's market, biography, price levels and indices of … We will update soon. Wifredo Lam [Biography] Biography. The youngest of eight children, he was baptized Wilfredo Oscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla . From 1947, Lam’s style began to show new developments: a pronounced presence of esoteric elements and a coupling of the influence of Oceanic art with that of African art. Wifredo Lam, At the End of the Night 1969, oil on canvas, 175 x 215 cm Biography: Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902 – 1982) Wifredo Lam is one of the remarkable figures of 20th-century art. Collaborating with poets and writers, he undertook several important projects in printmaking: large format portfolios, pulled and published in the print studios of Broder, Mathieu and Upiglio, most notably: La terre inquiète by Édouard Glissant (1955), Le voyage de l’arbre by Hubert Juin (1960), Le rempart de brindilles by René Char (1963), Apostroph’Apocalypse by Gherasim Luca (1965), L’Antichambre de la Nature by Alain Jouffroy (1966), Annonciation by Aimé Césaire (1969). Newly settled in his native land after almost twenty years, Lam delved deeper into his artistic investigations, finding nourishment for his ideas in the surroundings of his childhood and youth. Wifredo Lam Biography. A participant in the Modern Art movement, Lam studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid, Spain after leaving his native Havana. Born in Cuba of a Chinese father and a mother of African, Indian and European decent, Lam’s career path and artistic style were truly international. In the Villa Air Bel, a meeting place for creativity and experimentation, Lam worked and produced, most notably, a series of ink drawings that set the tone for what would become his signature style of hybrid figures, a vocabulary he would develop more fully during his years in Cuba from 1941 to 1947. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. He studied under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor, curator for the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. Education: Academia San Atejandra, Havana, 1920-23; Free Academy, Madrid; studio of Fernando Alvarez di Sotomayor (director of the Prado), Madrid, 1924-28. This distinctive visual style of his also influences many artists. By the end of the 1940s, Lam divided his time between Europe, Havana and New York, where they stayed with Pierre and Teeny Matisse as well as Jeanne Reynal. In 1923, the municipality of Sagua la Grande awarded him a grant to study in Europe and by the autumn of that year, at the age of twenty-one, he left the country for Spain. On March 25, Lam and Helena Holzer embarked on the “Capitaine Paul Lemerle” headed for Martinique, in the company of some 300 other artists and intellectuals―André Breton and Claude Lévi-Strauss among them. Lam then went on to New York where he renewed contact with Marcel Duchamp and made new acquaintances: Jeanne Reynal, James Johnson Sweeney, Arshile Gorky, John Cage, Roger Wilcox, Mercedes Matter, Ian Hugo, Jesse Fernández, John Cage, Sonia Sekula and Yves Tanguy. Artist Biography Wifredo Lam. I could have been a good painter from the School of Paris, but I felt like a snail out of its shell. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. Wifredo Lam Biography One of the most renowned Cuban artists of the modern era, Wifredo Lam achieved an inventive synthesis of European modernism and Afro-Caribbean symbolism. Biographie. BIOGRAPHY. He established a form of art that unites Western modernity with African symbols, as well as those from the Caribbean, and thus created his own unique language. He spent long hours at the Archeological Museum and the Prado. He studied under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor, curator for the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. Wifredo Lam was een Cubaanse kunstenaar, die bekendheid kreeg voor z’n werk als schilder. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, including Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. In 1916, Lam and part of his family settled in Havana. Wifredo LAM The internationally renowned Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (1902-1982 ) was a precursor of a cross-cultural style of painting, infusing Western modernism with African and Caribbean symbolism. His sister Eloisa, whom he was closest to, explained to him in much detail the workings of Afro-Cuban rituals and he began attending ritual ceremonies with some of his friends. Wifredo Age, Height & Weight. He discovered surprising correlations between western art and so called “primitive” art. He was a contemporary of Diego Rivera. ©2021 Artnet Worldwide Corporation. Wifredo Lam Kunstenaar biografie. Die Sammlung Ulla und Heiner Pietzsch - Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Wifredo Lam - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Monterrey, NL (solo), Wifredo Lam in North America - Haggerty Museum of Art, Milwaukee, WI (solo), Wilfredo Lam - Galerie Boulakia, Paris (solo), Wifredo Lam - Drawings: Interlude Marseille - Latin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CA (solo), Wifredo Lam - Gana Art Center , Seoul (solo), Wifredo Lam - K20 Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen - am Grabbeplatz, Dusseldorf (solo), Galerie Maeght Lelong, Zurich, Switzerland (solo), Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo), Galerie Gimpel und Hanover, Zurich, Switzerland (solo), Galleria Arte Borgogna, Milan, Italy (solo), Galerie Villand et Galanis, Paris, France (solo), Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo), Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover, Germany (solo), Museo de Arte Moderna, Havana, Cuba (solo), Galerie Krugier, Geneva, Switzerland (solo), Galerie La Cour d'Ingres, Paris, France (solo), Galleria Grattacielo, Milan, Italy (solo), Palacio de Bellas Artes, Marcaibo, Venezuela (solo), Institute of contemporary Arts, London, UK (solo), Ministry of Education, Havana, Cuba (solo), Lam: Obras Recientes 1950, Parque Central, Havana, Cuba (solo), The Cuban Painter Wifredo Lam, The London Gallery, London, UK (solo), Wifredo Lam, Galerie Pierre, Paris, France (solo), Lam Paintings, Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo), Wifredo Lam Peintures, Galerie Pierre, Paris, France (solo), Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville, Paris, France, Museum Boyrnans-van-Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. Wifredo Lam Net Worth. Il est le huitième enfant de Lam-Yam, né à Canton vers 1820 et ayant émigré vers les Amériques en 1860 et d'Ana Serafina Castilla, née en 1862 à Cuba et descendante métis de familles originaires du Congo et d'Espagne. Upon arrival, the passengers were interred at Trois Îles. … Their work was featured in numerous exhibitions at key galleries and museums, including the Tate Modern and the Centre Pompidou Paris.Wifredo Lam's work has been offered at auction multiple times, with realized prices ranging from $20 USD to $9,603,800 USD, depending on the size and medium of the artwork. His meeting Picasso in his studio on the Rue des Grands Augustins proved decisive. Wifredo Lam est né le 8 décembre 1902 à Sagua la Grande, à Cuba. It was during this forced passage in Martinique and before leaving for Cuba that Lam and Aimé Césaire met for the first time to become life-long friends. Tous droits réservés, « Graham Foundation for Advanced Study in Fine Art Â». Lam was born to a Chinese immigrant father and a mother of African and Spanish descent. In 1954, Lam met the poets Gherasim Luca and Alain Jouffroy. Born in the small town of Sagua la Grande at the turn of the century, his father was a Chinese immigrant and his mother a descendent of both Spanish conquistadors and African slaves. In 1955, he met the Swedish artist Lou Laurin―the couple would marry in 1960. Lam also met Pierre Loeb, the owner of the Galerie Pierre in Paris, which hosted Lam’s first solo exhibition in 1939. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban-born artist, best known for his large scale paintings which reference modernist aesthetics and Afro-Cuban imagery to explore themes of social injustice, spirituality and rebirth. Biography. His reputation as an artist had spread internationally. He was Yam Lam’s son, a Chinese emigrant who gave him birth in 84 years, and of Ana-Serafina, a Cuban halfcaste. Complete Wifredo Lam 2017 Biography. Apparently full of compassion and aware of social inequality which was related to his own background, the artist was quite moved by the hard lives of Spanish peasants and became involved in Spanish Civil War . He traveled to Italy, to Albissola, on the initiative of Asger Jorn and Édouard Jaguer who had organized an international meeting of sculpture and ceramics which included as participants: Appel, Baj, Corneille, Dangelo, Fontana, Scanavino and Matta. Over the next few years, a number of exhibitions followed in the United States, at the Institute of Modern Art of Boston, at the MoMA of New York, at the Galerie Pierre Matisse, where La Jungla was presented and created a scandal. Estimated Net Worth in 2019: $100K-$1M (Approx.) Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. See the renowned permanent collection and special exhibitions. Talking about his experience in Haiti, Lam said, “It is often assumed that my work took its final form in Haiti, but my stay there, like the trips I made to Venezuela, Colombia or to the Brazilian Mato Grosso only broadened its scope. Wifredo Lam was exposed to various works of art at the Prado Museum, from Hieronymus Bosch to Henri Matisse, as well as latest tendencies embodied in Surrealism. “It’s a way—my way of communicating between human beings,” he stated. Biography: Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902 – 1982) Wifredo Lam is one of the remarkable figures of 20th-century art. In 1923, Lam moved to Spain, where he remained until the late 1930s. Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba, on December 8, 1902. Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba and was of mixed Chinese, European, Indian and African descent. Wifredo primary income source is Sculptor. Follow. View Wifredo Lam’s 3,696 artworks on artnet. The luxuriant nature of Sagua la Grande had a strong impact on Lam from early childhood. What really broadened my painting is the presence of African poetry.”. Cuban • 1902 - 1982. In January and February 1941, Lam illustrated Breton’s poem Fata Morgana which was censored by the Vichy government. See our Privacy Policy for more information about cookies. During the 1960s, Lam’s work reflected a growing interest for engraving. He was enrolled in the Escuela Profesional de Pintura y Escultura, Academia de San Alejandro, where he remained a student until 1923. I think my father really looked at himself as a world citizen, completely free, he wanted to go everywhere. Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba, on December 8, 1902. Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. He then was an art student from 1918 until 1923 at Escuela de Bellas Artes. The terrible suffering he endured led to numerous paintings of mother and child. Eskil Lam, TateShots, 2016. Wifredo Lam (1902–1982) is one of the most distinguished and fascinating artists of the 20th century. Wifredo Lam was een Cubaanse kunstenaar, die bekendheid kreeg voor z’n werk als schilder. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for … He often recounted the incident as his first magnificent awakening to another dimension to existence. He studied Law before leaving his island in 1923 for Spain. He also joined post-war movements such as “Phases” and the Situationist movement. He enjoyed the company of numerous artists: Noguchi, Hare, Motherwell, Pollock, Asger Jorn and the dissident surrealist group CoBrA. After his divorce with Helena Holzer, in 1952 Lam settled in Paris. He studied law in Havana before becoming an artist. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. He close friends with many writers and artists, and his work would be celebrated in many exhibitions and retrospectives around the world. His meeting with the master engraver Giorgio Upiglio at his studio Grafica Uno in Milan inaugurated a period of intense creativity that would last all the way up to Lam’s death in 1982. Wifredo Lam Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. From 1964, Lam divided his time between Paris and Albissola Mare, in Italy, where he set up a painting studio in his new house. Follow. The violence of the struggle inspired his painting La Guerra Civil. Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Sagua la Grande (Cuba). View Wifredo Lam’s 3,697 artworks on artnet. Encouraged by the art dealer, Carlo Cardazzo, they would transform this little Italian village on the Ligurian coast into a gathering point for artistic experimentation, from the late fifties through to the late sixties. In 1936, with the help of his friend Faustino Cordón, he joined the Republican forces in their fight against Franco. And so, Wifredo Lam came to rest where he had begun this lifelong journey. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (林飛龍) was born on December 8, 1902 in Sagua La Grande, Cuba, to parents of Cuban, Congolese and Chinese ancestry. Biography. Shortly before the Germans arrived, Lam left Paris for Bordeaux and then Marseille, where many of his friends, for the most part surrealists, had gathered around André Breton in the Villa Air Bel: Pierre Mabille, René Char, Max Ernst, Victor Brauner, Oscar Domínguez, André Masson, Benjamin Péret. Cuban • 1902 - 1982. Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. Wifredo Lam et Pablo Picasso, Vallauris, 1954, Copyright © 2011 - 2018 SDO Wifredo LAM. Wifredo Lam was born on December 8th, 1902, in Sagua la Grande – a sugar producing region on the northern coast of Cuba – the year the country proclaimed itself a Republic, after a little more than three centuries of Spanish rule. He painted over one hundred canvases, most notably La Jungla, making the year 1942 his most productive of this period. He studied the great masters of Spanish painting, Velázquez and Goya, but felt particularly drawn to the works of Bosch and Bruegel the Elder. In 1938, Lam left Spain for Paris. Wifredo body measurements, Height and Weight are not Known yet but we will update soon. Wifredo Lam, Cuban (1902 - 1982) Wifredo Lam Born: Wifredo Oscar de la Concepcion Lam y Castilla, Sagua la Grande, 2 December 1902. Born in Cuba of a Chinese father and a mother of African, Indian and European decent, Lam’s career path and artistic style were truly international. Shortly before leaving, he met Helena Holzer, who would become his wife in 1944. Born in La Sagua La Grande, Villa la Clara, Cuba, Attended Escuela de Bellas Artes, Havana, Cuba, Attended the Acadamia San Atejandra, Havana, Cuba, Moved to Paris, France, and became associated with the Surrealists, Received First Prize at the Salone Nacionale in Havana, Cuba, Received the Gold Medal for foreign painters in Premlo Lissone, Rome, Italy, named member of the Graham Foundation for Advanced Study in Fine Art, Chicago, IL, Awarded the Guggenheim International Award, New York, NY, Received the Premio Marzotto in Milan, Italy, Fire Tongues - Galerie Gmurzynska - St. Moritz, St. Moritz, Aimé Césaire, Lam, Picasso - Nous nous sommes trouvés - Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, Afro Modern: Journeys through the Black Atlantic - Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, UK, Bilderträume. Als lid van de Moderne Kunst beweging, studeerde Lam aan de Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid nadat hij zijn geboorteplaats Havana had verlaten. Wifredo LAM: worldwide auctions of art categories: Print-Multiple, Drawing-Watercolor, Painting, Sculpture-Volume, Objects, Ceramic. This period, with exhibitions at the Salón de Bellas artes, was determinant in his choice to become a painter. Picasso introduced his new “cousin” to his painter, poet and art critic friends, Braque, Matisse, Miró, Léger, Eluard, Leiris, Tzara, Kahnweiler, Zervos. Lam’s distinctive style and exploration of Afro-Cuban visual culture, alongside his knowledge of European modernism, made a hug… Wifredo Lam was a Cuban Impressionist & Modern artist who was born in 1902. Wifredo Lam Artist Biography Wifredo Lam was a Cuban-born artist who attained fame for his work as a painter. One night in 1907, he was startled by the strange shadows cast on the wall of his bedroom of a bat in flight. A pivotal figure of Latin American modern art, Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Cuba, the son of a Chinese father and an Afro-Cuban mother of Spanish descent. 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