This was refined the next year by George Cammann and put into mass production. 3. People with poor hearing would use wooden trumpets as listening devices, and the first stethoscope was very similar to them. Laennec invented the stethoscope in 1816 Rajamanickam Antonimuthu 15,347 views. He was examining a young woman complaining of heart problems. He was the subject of a 1949 French film Doctor Laennec in which he was played by Pierre Blanchar. Davies MK, Hollman A. René Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) Heart. Corvisart advocated the re-introduction of percussion during the French Revolution.[5]. French physician and inventor René Théophile Hyacinthe Laennec sealed his place in history with a number of important contributions to the medical field. 2015; 20:354–6. It was there, however, that Laennec was to make history through his invention of the stethoscope. Who was René Laënnec? In his Treatise,Laennec described the pivotal moment thus, "In 1816, I was consulted by a young woman labouring under general symptom… Roguin A. Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781-1826): The Man Behind the Stethoscope. Figure 1 --Rene Laennec (1781-1826). The word stethoscope comes from the Greek words stethos, meaning chest, and skopein, meaning to explore. [11] He was noted as a very kind man and his charity to the poor became proverbial. Laennec is the author of the classic treatise "De l'Auscultation Médiate" (On Mediate Auscultation), published in August, 1819. Visit a page 5. Wikimedia Commons. Laennec was also a musician and would carve out his own flutes out of wood, so the prototype of the stethoscope that he used was made out of hollowed wood, one similar to a trumpet. René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec[1] (French: [laɛnɛk]; 17 February 1781 – 13 August 1826) was a French physician and musician. This monaural stethoscope was modified to more convenient forms, but it has been … The Techniques Of Medical Percussion and Auscultation. Thanks for contributing. To See with a Better Eye: A Life of R.T.H. Physician who invented and developed the stethoscope in 1816, and related chest sounds to pathological changes on post-mortem examination in his treatise De l'Auscultation Mediate ou Traite du Diagnostic des Maladies des Poumons et du Coeur in 1819. Laënnec was born on Feb. 17, 1781, in Quimper, France. Clin Med Res. Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope, which is still used by modern doctors . Considered the father of chest medicine, René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laënnec was a French physician who invented the stethoscope. The invention of the stethoscope by René Théophile Hyacinthe Laennec occurred within an emerging French tradition of bedside empiricism that combined physical diagnosis with autopsy correlation. Laennec coined the phrase mediate auscultation (indirect listening), as opposed to the popular practice at the time of directly placing the ear on the chest (immediate auscultation). Rene Laennec was born to Michelle and Theophile Laennec in the Breton country town of Quimper, France on February 17, 1781. I love my stethoscope. Rappaport, an electrical engineer, developed a double-headed chest piece. Most of the plates in his book illustrate the diseased lung as do these four images that are consistent with lungs affected by tuberculosis. Print. Ref. Why I Love my Stethoscope. Then, in 1816, things changed. Modern stethoscopes typically have a small disk-shaped resonator that is placed against the chest and two tubes connected to earpieces. Learn more.. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Laennec studied medicine at the University of Paris under several famous physicians, including Dupuytren and Jean-Nicolas Corvisart-Desmarets. René Laennec’s stethoscope gave doctors a new way to listen to patients – hearing their bodies, but perhaps not their voices. Laennec was also thought to have asthma. René Laennec wrote the classic treatise De l'Auscultation Médiate. It was invented by the French physician R.T.H. It was written in an academic manner for learning purposes. [10], Laennec advocated objective scientific observation. O'Neill, Daniel. "Using a Stethoscope in Clinical Practice in the Acute Sector." It was invented by the French physician R.T.H. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. His final appointments were that of head of the medical clinic at the Hôpital de la Charité and professor at the Collège de France. 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