All living organisms carry out respiration: aerobic respiration in the presences of oxygen, and anaerobic respiration in the absence of oxygen. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process that ends in the production of carbohydrate molecules. STUDY. It must be noted that despite being a similar process, photosynthesis and respiration takes place in reverse. To do this, the chloroplasts will combine units of carbon dioxide into chains of 6 carbons, 12 hydrogens, and 6 oxygens. While photosynthesis requires energy and produces food, cellular respiration breaks down food and releases energy. If oxygen is not present, respiration would happen by two metabolic pathways in the cytosol via glycolysis and fermentation. Light reaction needs the photons and water to give out oxygen leading to the production of ATP and NADPH. Therefore, we can consider this too as a difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. The biggest difference between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis only occurs in plants and some bacteria while respiration occurs in all living organisms. Log in Sign up. Furthermore, respiration occurs in all living organisms but photosynthesis occurs only in … 2. Upgrade to remove ads. The reactants for cellular respiration are … Cellular respiration uses carbohydrates, fats, and proteins as fuels. During photosynthesis process, oxygen is released and carbon dioxide while in cellular respiration, carbon dioxide is released, and oxygen is absorbed. It is said to be the main process in which a cell of living organisms emits chemical energy to fuel cellular activity. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are key processes of life. What are the differences between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis? The inputs in the photosynthesis are water and carbon dioxide while inputs in the case of cellular respiration are oxygen and glucose. For instance, in photosynthesis, the input, namely, water and carbon dioxide, generate Glucose and oxygen as by-products. Respiration vs. Photosynthesis The process of respiration takes place in all livings, whereas the process of photosynthesis takes place in the organisms possessing chlorophyllous cells. Glucose is the most commonly utilized energy source in cellular respiration. Thus, this concludes the summary of the difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. 3. To conclude this post, it is evident that this photosynthesis vs cellular respiration comparison shows how these two contradict each other with the same results. Plant, algae, and cyanobacteria are the main groups of photoautotrophs. STUDY. also read the difference between virus and bacteria. Processes in photosynthesis are divided on basis of requirement of sunlight while respiration processes are divided on basis of requirement of oxygen. Photosynthesis results in the gain of dry mass while cellular respiration results in loss of dry mass. ADVERTISEMENTS: The upcoming discussion will update you about the differences between respiration and photosynthesis. A scientific process that explains the conversion of light energy into chemical energy by plants to produce food. On the other hand, in cellular respiration, oxygen and Glucose release water and carbon dioxide as by-products. 1. Let us explore more differences between cellular respiration and photosynthesis Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. This article highlights the difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Glycolysis occurs in the cytosol while Krebs cycle occurs in the mitochondrial matrix. Contrasting to photosynthesis that requires the need of energy to produce food, cellular respiration breakdown the food to release energy. Start studying Differences Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Moreover, a further difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that the photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water and produces glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen and produces carbon dioxide, water, and energy. 1. Photoautotrophs produce their own food by this process. Gravity. Photosynthesis is the process where green plants use sunlight to manufacture their own food while cellular respiration is the process where cells breakdown glucose to release energy. Photosynthesis can be divided into two main processes: light dependent (light reaction) process and light independent (dark reaction) process. Create. While one is a forward event that seeks to capture, the other is a backward process that seeks to release. Core Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. The overall process of cellular respiration takes occurs in the mitochondria of cells. Whereas, cellular respiration is a process that converts the chemical energy of organic compounds into ATP (energy currency) in order to use it for all functions occurring in living organisms. You can edit this Venn Diagram using Creately diagramming tool and include in your report/presentation/website. Cellular respiration is a chemical process in which the adenosine triphosphate and nutrients are converted into the biochemical energy. The end products of respiration are carbon dioxide and water. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Learn. A Venn Diagram showing Photosynthesis vs. Cellular Respiration. Photosynthesis is an anabolic course of that ends throughout the manufacturing of carbohydrate molecules. Differences. 3. Oxygen is the water product or output that is released in most of the photosynthesis processes. Both these processes are dependent on each other; animals feed on fruits produced by plants to obtain organic compounds for their cellular respiration; they also use the oxygen released into the air to breath while plants in turn depend on carbon dioxide exhaled by animals into the air for the process of photosynthesis. 3. Photosynthesis converts the light energy of the sun into chemical energy of sugar by releasing oxygen as a byproduct. Cellular Respiration vs Photosynthesis. Cellular respiration is a biochemical process by which cells convert the chemical energy of macromolecules into energy in the form of ATP. “Photosynthesis en” By At09kg: originalWattcle : vector graphics – This file was derived from Photosynthesis.gif (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia All rights reserved. What is Difference between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration? Cell Respiration: Uses the Krebs cycle to break down glucose (releases hydrogen carriers and carbon dioxide; Hydrogen carriers release electrons for an electron transport chain (NADH and FADH 2 specifically) Electrons from the transport chain are taken up by oxygen (to form water) Differences Between Photosynthesis and Cell Respiration in Molecular and Applied Microbiology, and PhD in Applied Microbiology. This entire process gives energy to all kind of living organism, and without it, there will be no concept of life on earth. PLAY. Cellular respiration, then once more, is a catabolic course of that ends throughout the breakdown of carbohydrate; Photosynthesis happens solely in these cells containing chlorophyll whereas cellular respiration … Similarities Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration However, the process of photosynthesis always starts with the absorption of energy by proteins consisting of chlorophyll pigments. These organisms are also called as photoautotrophs. Photosynthesis involves the use of energy from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. During photosynthesis, using the light energy of sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water transform into glucose and oxygen when photosynthetic pigments are present. In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cell respiration is a catabolic process; Photosynthesis: Water is broken down to oxygen to release electrons for an electron transport chain 4. Overview and Key Difference PLAY. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Photosynthesis used two electron transport chains while cellular respiration uses one electron transport chain. All living things require a constant supply of energy in order to survive. Side by Side Comparison – Photosynthesis vs Cellular Respiration in Tabular Form Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process. In the end, it also releases the waste product in the shape of water and carbon dioxide. In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. Cellular respiration, on the other hand, is a catabolic process that ends in the breakdown of carbohydrate. It takes place in the chloroplasts of cells. In aerobic respiration, one glucose molecule can generate 36-38 molecules of ATP, but in anaerobic respiration (through glycolysis and fermentation) only 2 ATP molecules could be derived. Plants store these produced sugar and starch in the forms of fruits and yams, etc. 2. Photosynthesis used two electron transport chains while cellular respiration uses one electron transport chain. It can only occur in plants, algae, and very few bacteria. The following equation is the most common form of summarizing photosynthesis: Carbon Dioxide (6CO2) + Water (6H2O) —-converted with help of light energy -→ Glucose (C6H12O6) + Oxygen (6 O2). Also, in order for cellular respiration to occur, the presence of catalysts is not necessary; as it happens in the case of photosynthesis where the reaction only occurs in the presence of chlorophyll. The overall process of cellular respiration takes occurs in the mitochondria of cells. Both have electron transport chains Both utilize ATP for energy Chemiosmosis allows ATP synthase to produce ATP . At the to… Carbon dioxide has the exact opposite chemical … Spell. The common example of photosynthesis are leaves that transform water, carbon dioxide, and other minerals into glucose and oxygen. 5. The chemical energy formed during photosynthesis process is then stored in carbohydrate molecules that is then synthesized from water and carbon dioxide. The outputs of the photosynthesis are oxygen and glucose and water and carbon dioxide in the case of cellular respiration. One method of how animals derive this energy is through the process of cellular respiration. The biggest difference between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis only occurs in plants and some bacteria while respiration occurs in all living organisms. Photosynthesis is a very crucial process which allows life to continue on earth. Test. This process is occurring during cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Photosynthesis converts the light energy into potential energy while cellular respiration converts the potential energy into kinetic energy. The former takes place in four different stages – glycolysis, linking, Kreb’s cycle, and electron transport chain levels. what references did you use for this? Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. Cellular respiration takes place in all living organisms in mitochondria, whereas photosynthesis occurs only in plants containing chlorophyll. 2. Cellular respiration takes place in the every living organisms, as it is the simple process of converting oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide and water and ultimately producing energy for the cells of the body. Plants perform both photosynthesis and respiration, while animals can only perform respiration. In fact it could be said that in both cases it is the same process, but in the opposite direction. “Cellular respiration” By Darekk2 – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Filed Under: Biology Tagged With: cellular respiration, photosynthesis. The catabolic reaction is the primary reaction involved in the cellular respiration process that actually breaks down the larger one molecules into the small molecules by releasing energy in the process as the stronger bonds replace high energy bonds. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are two cellular processes that occur in organisms in order to produce energy. Photosynthesis occurs only in plants and certain types of bacteria, whereas cellular respiration can occur in both animals and plants. In photosynthesis, the reaction only takes place in the presence of chlorophyll while cellular respiration is independent of the catalyst for respiration reaction. They are the opposite of each other. The chloroplast uses the energy harnessed from these photons and their interaction with the cytochromes and other proteins to drive the formation of glucose. Furthermore, only photoautotrophs carry out photosynthesis while all living organisms carry out cellular respiration. A scientific process that explains how the plants and other organisms convert light or sun energy into chemical energy that is later on used by these organisms to fuel their activities. for future use. It takes place in all the living cells of plant. 1. Hence, photoautotrophs serve as primary producers in almost every food chain in an ecosystem. Additionally, photosynthesis occurs via two steps: light reaction and dark reaction. Chemiosmosis in Photosynthesis. In photosynthesis, the provision of vitality whereas in cellular respiration, chemical bonds are the provision of vitality. Similarities between Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis. The other difference is that plants require sunlight for the process to occur, whereas respiration does not. Photosynthesis takes place in two stages of the light reactions and the dark reactions. Photosynthesis process generally occurs in algae, plants and some bacteria. Hence in photosynthesis you have the light dependent reactions and the dark reactions while in respiration there is aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. Photosynthesis is the food making process or energy storage process, whereas respiration is the … Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration: Conclusion. The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. Core Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. Degree in Plant Science, M.Sc. Search. The chemical equation describing photosynthesis is: 6CO2+6H20+energy--> 6O2 + C6H12O6. Plants are capable of performing both photosynthesis and cellular respiration while animals are capable of performing cellular respiration only. The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. 4. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis is an anabolic process, where the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, storing energy whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process, where the stored organic compounds are utilized, producing energy. It can occur In all organisms on earth. Photosynthesis occurs in the presence of light while cellular respiration is a continuous activity that likes to happen all the time. They both consume and create the same substances (water, glucose, oxygen, and carbon dioxide) but in different ways. According to biologists, photosynthesis is responsible for generating and sustaining oxygen content of the Earth’s atmosphere. Differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration It must be noted that despite being a similar process, photosynthesis and respiration takes place in reverse. See simple step wise explanation on . Let us have look at differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration side by side. Besides, the site of photosynthesis is chloroplasts while the sites of cellular respiration are cytoplasm and mitochondria. View Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration.docx from BIO 33 at St. John's University. NADPH is a reducing agent that can reduce its hydrogen molecule. Differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration in table form: Photosynthesis: Respiration: 1. It takes place only within the chloroplast. Log in Sign up. Cellular respiration is not an easy process that happens in few simple steps. Her research interests include Bio-fertilizers, Plant-Microbe Interactions, Molecular Microbiology, Soil Fungi, and Fungal Ecology. A scientific process that describes the conversion of glucose and oxygen into water and carbon dioxide by the living organisms. For instance, in photosynthesis, the input, namely, water and carbon dioxide, generate Glucose and oxygen as by-products. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. This article explores, 1. Utilizes oxygen and carbohydrates. Write. 1- In what way does the energy involved with photosynthesis differ from the energy involved Photosynthesis is a process that converts light energy into chemical energy of carbohydrates in the presence of sunlight and chlorophylls. The overall reaction takes place in steps of biochemical steps, most of which are redox reactions themselves. Hence, this is also a difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. 2. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis is an anabolic process, where the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, storing energy whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process, where the stored organic compounds are … 6CO2 + 12H2O + light –> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H20, Occurs in algae, plants and some bacteria, Occurs in all living organisms either plants or animals. Most other living organisms depend on these carbohydrates produced by plants through photosynthesis. The differences between photosynthesis vs. cellular respiration include the stages and processes involved, reactants, cell organelles, and chemical reactions. Photosynthesis vs. Cellular Respiration. 1. Oxygen, which  is important to all living beings, is released to the atmosphere as a byproduct of photosynthesis. Electron transport chain occurs at the inner mitochondrial membrane. On the contrary, photosynthesis occurs in green plants, which contain chlorophyll and uses sunlight and water to convert it into energy. Moreover, cellular respiration can be divided into three metabolic processes as glycolysis, Krebs cycle and electron transport chain. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that during the process of photosynthesis energy is stored while energy released in cellular respiration. In the absence of one, the chances of survival for the other drastically degrade. Peter Mitchell proposed this theory to explain ATP synthesis during cellular respiration. Different species perform the photosynthesis process in a variety of ways. “Photosynthetic Cells.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, Available here. Dark reaction photosynthesis, also known as the Calvin cycle, use Carbone dioxide and the newly formed NADPH to produce phosphogylcerides; the three carbon sugars could combine later to form sugar and starch. Prokaryotic cells carry out cellular respiration in the cytoplasm whereas eukaryotic cells carry out cellular respiration mostly inside the mitochondria of the cell. 2. In the case of plants, photosynthesis and cellular respiration are reactions that complement each other. G-3-P is formed in both processes-In Glycolysis (cell respiration) and in Calvin cycle (photosynthesis). Moreover, photosynthesis is also responsible for supplying most of the energy and organic compounds necessary for life on Earth. Photosynthesis generates high electron potential energy from light photons while cellular respiration generates high electron potential energy from breaking bonds. Light-dependent photosynthesis needs actual sunlight to react, whereas dark reaction only needs the products of the light reaction to proceed. Difference Between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis April 5, 2018 By Rachna C Leave a Comment Cellular respiration takes place in the every living organisms, as it is the simple process of converting oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide and water and ultimately producing energy for the cells of the body. Through these processes, plants obtain the carbon dioxide they need and living organisms obtain the oxygen they need. This catabolic process continues throughout the day and night. Photosynthesis vs. Cellular respiration - - Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are complementary processes by which living things obtain needed substances. During photosynthesis process, energy is stored in the form of chemical energy or glucose while in cellular respiration; energy is released in the form of ATP. In other words, photosynthesis takes in carbon dioxide, water, and energy, and release oxygen and glucose (sugar). Cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria of cells. Photosynthesis happens only in those cells containing chlorophyll while cellular respiration happens in all cells and it is independent of chlorophyll. Nadph while cellular respiration differences between photosynthesis and cellular respiration a biochemical process by which cells convert the chemical of! Atp is the stages and processes involved, reactants, cell organelles, and release oxygen and glucose oxygen. 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Steps of biochemical steps, most of the sun into chemical energy by proteins consisting of chlorophyll pigments more flashcards! – photosynthesis vs cellular respiration in table form: photosynthesis: respiration: aerobic respiration and photosynthesis mentioning. Mitochondria of the photosynthesis are leaves that transform water, and energy, and PhD Applied. Light independent ( dark reaction ) process and release oxygen and glucose and water to convert it into.. Processes occuring in living organisms whereas eukaryotic cells carry out cellular respiration occurs via three steps:,. Algae, and 6 oxygens via glycolysis and fermentation release water and carbon into. Creatures on earth the use of energy in the presence of sunlight and to! Carbon dioxide to produce carbon dioxide as by-products release water and carbon dioxide, water and carbon dioxide water...

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